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Government Of Assam Labour and Welfare Inspectorate of Factories

Dangerous Operations

  • Dangerous operations

    [Sec.87 of The Factories Act,1948]

    Where the state Government is of opinion that any [manufacturing process or operation] carried on in a factory exposes any persons employed in it to a serious risk of bodily injury, poisoning or disease, it may make rules applicable to any factory or class or description of factories in which the [manufacturing process or operation] is carried on –

       (a) Specifying the [manufacturing process or operation] and declaring it to be dangerous;
       (b) Prohibiting or restricting the employment of women, adolescents or children in the [manufacturing process or operation];
       (c) Providing for the periodical medical examination of persons employed, or seeking to be employed, in the [manufacturing process or operation] and prohibiting the employment of person not certified as fit for such employment [and requiring the payment by the occupier of the factory of fees for such medical examination];
       (d) Providing for the protection of all persons employed in the [manufacturing process or operation] or in the vicinity of the places where it is carried on;
       (e) Prohibiting, restricting or controlling the use of any specified materials or processes in connection with the [manufacturing process or operation];
       (f) Requiring the provision of additional welfare amenities and sanitary facilities and the supply of protective equipment and clothing, and laying down the standards thereof, having regard to the dangerous nature of the manufacturing process or operation;

    The State Government has made following Rules in respect of dangerous operations carried on in any factory

    [Rules 94 prescribed u/s 87of the Factories Act,1948]

    (1) The following operations when carried on in any factory are declared to be dangerous operations under Section 87 –
       1.   Manufacture of aerated of water and processes incidental thereto.
       2.   Electrolytic plating or oxidation of metal articles by use of an electrolyte containing chromic acid or other chromium compounds.
       3.   Manufacture and repair of electric accumulators.
       4.   Glass manufacture.
       5.   Grinding or glazing of metals.
       6.   Manufacture and treatement of lead and certain compounds of lead.
       7.   Generation of gas from dangerous petroleum.
       8.   Cleaning or smoothing, roughening of articles by a jet of sand metal shot grit or other abrasive propelled by a blast of compressed air or steam.
       9.   Liming and tanning of raw hides and skins and processes incidental thereto.
       10.   Manufacture of Pottery.
       11.   Manufacture in chemical works and processes incidental thereto.
       12.   Printing Presses and Type Foundries Certain lead processes carried therin.
       13.   Compression of Oxygen and Hydrogen produced by electrolysis of water.
       14.   Manufacture, handling and use of benzene and substances containing benzene.
       15.   Process of extracting oils and fats from vegetable and animal source in solvent extraction plants.
       16.   Manipulation of stone of any other materials containing free silica.
       17.   Handling and processing of asbestos, manufacture of any article of asbestos and other process of manufacture or otherwise in which asbestos is used in any form.
       18.   Handling or manipulation of corrosive substances.
       19.   Manufacture or manipulation of Manganese and its compounds.
       20.   Manufacture and manipulation of dangerous pesticides.
       21.   Manufacturing process or operation in carbon disulphide.
       22.   Manufacturing or manipulation of carcinogenic dye intermediates.
       23.   Operations involving high noise level.
       24.   Manufacture of rayon by viscose process.
       25.   Manufacture, storing, handling and use of highly flammable liquids and flammable compressed gases.

    (2) The provisions specified in the Schedule hereto shall apply to any class or description of factories wherein dangerous operations specified in each Schedule are carried out.
    (3) This rule shall came into force in respect of any class or description of factories, wherein the said operations are carried on, on such date as the State Government may by notification in the official Gazette appoint in this behalf.
    (4)
        (a) For medical examinations of workers to be carried out by the certifying surgeon as required by the schedules annexed to this rule, the occupier of the factory shall pay fees at the rate of Rs.30.00 per examination of each worker every time he is examined.
        (b) The fees prescribed in sub-rule (4) (a) shall be exclusive of any charges for biological, radiological or other tests which may have to be carried out in connection with the medical examination. Such charges shall be paid by the occupier.
        (c) The fees to be paid for medical examination shall be paid into local treasury under the head of account “0230- Labour & Employment 104 Fees under the Factories Act,1948.”